The Madrid Regional Premier, Isabel Diaz Ayuso, has been marking the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Communidad of Madrid as one of Spain´s 17 autonomous regions.
Ayuso joined the Mayor of Madrid, José Luis Martínez-Almeida, as well as regional and civil leaders – past and present – at the ceremony at the regional presidential building of the Casa de Correos in the Puerta del sol on Friday 24th February.
The regional premier said that Madrid is a region that “does not raise walls” but “tears them down” as well as that it is “one Spain within another,” and is part “of a whole”, which is why they have always exercised their autonomy “with loyalty” and not …
The former Mayor of Madrid Juan Barranco was also present saying it “fills with pride all those men and women who in their day participated in the beginning of this process”.
The Madrid autonomous region was formally created in 1983, geographically based on the old province of Madrid, which was until then part of the historical region of New Castile.
🇪🇸 "Somos una región abierta e integradora, que está hecha de las diferentes formas de ser español. Aquí no hay forasteros. Hay madrileños de Cádiz, de Bilbao o de Caracas"
— Comunidad de Madrid (@ComunidadMadrid) February 24, 2023
The reorganisation of Spain´s regional and provincial governance was agreed following the end of the Franco regime and the approval of the country´s new constitution in the 1978 referendum.
The current territory of the region roughly conforms to the edict of 1833 which organized Spain into provinces.
Madrid was part of the much wider historical region of New Castile which included the provinces of Guadalajara, Toledo, Cuenca and Ciudad Real.
The present regional boundaries were carved out of this to make three new ones being Madrid, Castilla La Mancha & Castilla y Leon.
Article 144 of the constitution made old province of Madrid of New Castile would become a single-province autonomous community in the “nation’s interest” even if it did not satisfy the requirement of having a distinct historical identity.
Thus, in 1983, the Community of Madrid was created consisting of 179 municipalities (featuring 801 towns, villages and of course the capital itself).
Today the Madrid region is the biggest and richest of Spain´s regions with a population of over 6 million people.